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On 13, Mar 2013 | In | By Sunny

# Illusory inferences

The mental model theory of reasoning postulates that individuals construct mental models of the possibilities in which the premises of an inference hold and that these models represent what is true but not what is false. An unexpected consequence of this assumption is that certain premises should yield systematically invalid inferences.

This prediction is unique among current theories of reasoning, because no alternative theory, whether based on formal rules of inference or on probabilistic considerations, predicts these illusory inferences.

##### Relevant publications

- Khemlani, S., Johnson-Laird, P.N. (2009). Disjunctive illusory inferences and how to eliminate them.
- Khemlani, S., Johnson-Laird, P.N., (2008). Illusory inferences about embedded disjunctions.
- Yang, Y., Johnson-Laird, P.N., (2000). How to eliminate illusions in quantified reasoning.
- Santamaria, C., Johnson-Laird, P.N., (2000). An antidote to illusory inferences.
- Johnson-Laird, P.N., (2000). Illusions and models: a reply to Barrouillet and Lecas.
- Jonson-Laird, P.N., Legrenzi, P., Legrenzi, M., (2000). Illusions in reasoning about consistency.
- Johnson-Laird, P.N., Savary, F., (1999). Illusory inferences.
- Johnson-Laird, P.N., (1997). Rules and illusions: A critical study of Rips’s The Psychology of Proof.
- Johnson-Laird, P.N., Savary, F., (1996). Illusory inferences about probabilities.