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Relational reasoning

By Sunny

On 13, Mar 2013 | In | By Sunny

Relational reasoning

Inferences about spatial, temporal, and other relations are ubiquitous. The mental models theory of relational reasoning rests on the idea that the logical consequences of relations emerge from models constructed from the meanings of the relations and from knowledge.

The mental models theory of relational reasoning depends on 5 principles: (a) The structure of mental models is iconic as far as possible. (b) The logical consequences of relations emerge from models constructed from the meanings of the relations and from knowledge. (c) Individuals tend to construct only a single, typical model. (d) They spontaneously develop their own strategies for relational reasoning. (e) Regardless of strategy, the difficulty of an inference depends on the process of integration of the information from separate premises, the number of entities that have to be integrated to form a model, and the depth of the relation.

 

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